The community began to trade tanned hides, linseed oil, food stuffs, and other products to outsiders in exchange for iron, gunpowder, glass, and salt.In addition, the lesson plan material on Historic Bethlehem from the National Park Service provides a valuable resource for teachers (see links below).In learning about Bethlehem, teachers might begin with a list of colonial jobs or tasks.century,most communities were primarily agrarian, involved chiefly in the activities of growing food and tending stocks of animals. The center of the community was its manufacturing which spawned more than fifty crafts and industrial trades.At Bethlehem, before the Revolutionary War, the Moravians managed to reverse the existing work model by employing 80% of their citizens in trades and manufacturing with only 20% working to support the entire community with food. This new idea attracted the attention of John Adams (then Member of the Continental Congress and future second president of the United States). By this time, the Patriots had declared their independence from England (July 4, 1776). Adams called Bethlehem a “curious and remarkable Town,” immediately recognizing the importance of this community for the future of the United States—Bethlehem demonstrated what was possible: how opportunity, freedom, and liberty could be applied to build a prosperous and happy community. One of the most important parts of the community was its system of mills, especially its gristmill which, provided everyone the flour to make his or her daily bread—the staple of the community..pass_color_to_child_links a.u-inline.u-margin-left--xs.u-margin-right--sm.u-padding-left--xs.u-padding-right--xs.u-relative.u-absolute.u-absolute--center.u-width--100.u-flex-inline.u-flex-align-self--center.u-flex-justify--between.u-serif-font-main--regular.js-wf-loaded .u-serif-font-main--regular.amp-page .u-serif-font-main--regular.u-border-radius--ellipse.u-hover-bg--black-transparent.web_page .u-hover-bg--black-transparent:hover. Content Header .feed_item_answer_user.js-wf-loaded . These new opportunities to make money also created a new demand among Moravian tradesmen and craftsmen, who began to establish their own businesses.Soon a new system of economics was established: market capitalism.With its agricultural practices and applications of advance technologies, the Moravians at Bethlehem were able to achieve a higher standard of living than was available in Europe or in other parts of the colonies.The success of Bethlehem was due to the blending and application of agriculture and industry.