The place of religion and religious extremism in politics was still of fundamental concern.It was only in 1696 that Thomas Aikenhead, a twenty-year old student in Edinburgh, became the last person in Scotland to be hanged for blasphemy.
The place of religion and religious extremism in politics was still of fundamental concern.It was only in 1696 that Thomas Aikenhead, a twenty-year old student in Edinburgh, became the last person in Scotland to be hanged for blasphemy.Tags: Argumentative Essay On AdoptionFree Online Paper WriterPersuasive Essay Map Graphic OrganizerEngineering Problem Solving ActivitiesCompare Texts EssayWriting A Definition Essay On BeautyBusiness Plan For Social Networking SiteDefinition Of Creative Writing
The early Christian philosophy of Augustine of Hippo was by and large a rewrite of Plato in a Christian context.
The main change that Christian thought brought was to moderate the Stoicism and theory of justice of the Roman world, and emphasize the role of the state in applying mercy as a moral example.
Until the late 1990s, the standard editions of A Treatise of Human Nature, An Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding, and An Enquiry Concerning the Principles of Morals were Hume 1978 (cited under A Treatise of Human Nature) and Hume 1975 (cited under An Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding and An Enquiry Concerning the Principles of Morals), commonly referred to as the Selbe-Bigge and Nidditch editions.
Between 19, Oxford University Press released new student editions of the Treatise and the Enquiries.
Medieval political philosophy in Europe was heavily influenced by Christian thinking.
It had much in common with the Islamic thinking in that the Roman Catholics also subordinated philosophy to theology.Hume developed his political thought most explicitly in his political essays, in his History of England, and in the discussions of justice and allegiance to government that appeared first in Book 3 of A Treatise of Human Nature, then again in An Enquiry Concerning the Principles of Morals.Those interested in Hume’s political thought may also want to consult An Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding, Hume’s shorter works on religion (The Natural History of Religion and Dialogues Concerning Natural Religion), and his correspondence. His collected letters contain many discussions of political topics that will be of great interest to a student of Hume’s political thought.His entry in the catalogue of the British Library lists him as such.However, throughout his career as a philosopher, historian, and essayist, Hume maintained a clear and consistent interest in a whole series of political questions.Ancient Chinese and Indian civilizations resembled Greek civilization in that there was a unified culture divided into rival states.In the case of China, philosophers found themselves obliged to confront social and political breakdown, and seek solutions to the crisis that confronted their entire civilization.In addition to the Treatise and the Enquiries, Oxford also released a Clarendon Edition of the Dissertation on the Passions and The Natural History of Religion.The standard edition of Hume’s essays is Hume 1987 (cited under Essays Moral, Political, and Literary): the Liberty Classics edition of Essays, Moral, Political, and Literary.In the Age of Enlightenment, political entities expanded from basic systems of self-governance and monarchy to the complex democratic and communist systems that exist of the Industrialized and the Modern Era.In parallel, political systems have expanded from vaguely defined frontier-type boundaries, to the definite boundaries existing today.