Courtly Love Essays

Courtly Love Essays-63
That idealistic outlook may be explained partly by contemporary religious devotions, both orthodox and heretical, especially regarding the Virgin Mary, and partly by France’s exposure to Islamic mystical philosophy (gained through contacts during the Crusades), which embodied concepts of love—as a delightful disease, as demanding of faithful service—that were to characterize courtly love.

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It says "Love is a certain inborn suffering derived from the sight of and excessive meditation upon the beauty of the opposite sex.

Which causes each one to wish above all things the embraces of the other and be common desire to carry out all love's precepts in the others embrace.

(p.30) Later, he also says that love may not exist within religious officials and that love from a woman who is too concerned with greed and money is a "deadly enemy" (p.145).

From these statements one would fall under the impression that there is no love between a mother and a daughter or a father and a son.

Soon afterward the doctrine was “codified” in a three-book treatise by André le Chapelain.

In the 13th century a long allegorical poem, the 1210) are evidence of its power. As we read on there are many more definitions, some more complex, some that would be seen as ridiculous in the twenty- first century and some that contradict them selves.Capellanus leaves it up to his readers to decide for themselves the true definition of love.The idea spread swiftly across Europe, and a decisive influence in that transmission was Eleanor of Aquitaine, wife first to Louis VII of France and then to Henry II of England, who inspired some of the best poetry of Bernard de Ventadour, among the last (12th century) and finest of troubadour poets.Her daughter Marie of Champagne encouraged the composition of Chrétien de Troyes’s ), a courtly romance whose hero obeys every imperious (and unreasonable) demand of the heroine.The Courts of Love were presided over by Marie de Champagne and Eleanor D' Aquitaine. The question as to what love is, is an age-old question that men and women have pondered since the beginning of time.Italian poetry embodied the courtly ideals as early as the 12th century, and during the 14th century their essence was distilled in Petrarch’s sonnets to Laura. Courtly love was a vital influential force on most medieval literature in England, but there it came to be adopted as part of the courtship ritual leading to marriage. The idea of courtly love, as we understand it, began during the Romantic revival of the nineteenth century, when there was "a period of general mythologizing about the Middle Ages" (Jordan 134).The term —translated into English as “courtly love”—came into wide use during the late 19th century through the work of the French philologist Gaston Paris, but the term itself was rarely used in medieval literature of any European language.Today is practical shorthand for an understanding of love that, according to some scholars, came into being during the Middle Ages and that constituted a revolution in thought and feeling, the effects of which resonated throughout Western culture. His love was invariably adulterous, marriage at that time being usually the result of business interest or the seal of a power alliance.

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