Emancipation Proclamation Essay

Emancipation Proclamation Essay-25
The five-page document declared that slaves in the rebel states were free, provided them with the support of the U. government—including the Army and Navy, declared that freed slaves should be paid a wage, urged freed slaves to abstain from violence except in self-defense, and publically declared that all suitable freed men would be accepted into the armed services to fight in the war.However, many argued that the proclamation didn’t actually free any slaves or destroy the institution of slavery itself—it still only applied to states in active rebellion, not to the slave-holding border states or to rebel areas already under Union control.The rebellion had continued, but many doubted until the very last minute that Lincoln would make good his threat. Lincoln, the daughter of a slaveholder, would bewitch her husband into reneging. “I have been shaking hands since 9 o’clock this morning, and my hand is almost paralyzed,” the president lamented.

The five-page document declared that slaves in the rebel states were free, provided them with the support of the U. government—including the Army and Navy, declared that freed slaves should be paid a wage, urged freed slaves to abstain from violence except in self-defense, and publically declared that all suitable freed men would be accepted into the armed services to fight in the war.However, many argued that the proclamation didn’t actually free any slaves or destroy the institution of slavery itself—it still only applied to states in active rebellion, not to the slave-holding border states or to rebel areas already under Union control.The rebellion had continued, but many doubted until the very last minute that Lincoln would make good his threat. Lincoln, the daughter of a slaveholder, would bewitch her husband into reneging. “I have been shaking hands since 9 o’clock this morning, and my hand is almost paralyzed,” the president lamented.

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Issued January 1, 1863 by President Abraham Lincoln Included abolition as one of the purposes of the Civil War Freed slaves in rebel states Allowed for freed slaves to join the Union Army Enduring Symbol of Equality Read the transcript of the Emancipation Proclamation.

See emancipation proclamation text Emancipation Proclamation summary: The Emancipation Proclamation was issued by President Abraham Lincoln on January 1, 1863, as the country entered the third year of the Civil War. shall be then, thenceforward, and forever free"—but it applied only to states designated as being in rebellion, not to the slave-holding border states of Delaware, Kentucky, Maryland, and Missouri or to areas of the Confederacy that had already come under Union control.

Now, at last, he would sign the most important order of his administration, perhaps of the century: the Emancipation Proclamation.

Exactly 100 days earlier, Lincoln had issued a preliminary proclamation, vowing to free the slaves in all states still in active rebellion against the federal authority on this day, January 1. “Nobody knows.” Lincoln took a steel pen in hand, dipped it in an inkwell, but then paused and put the pen down. It was not, Lincoln later insisted, “because of any uncertainty or hesitation on my part.” As he put it at that decisive moment, “I never in my life felt more certain that I am doing right than I do in signing this paper.” But the day had taken a toll.

The careful planning of this document, with Lincoln releasing it at just the right moment in the war, ensured that it had a great positive impact on the Union efforts and redefined the purpose of the war. Fremont, commander of the Department of the West, issued an order declaring martial law in Missouri and freeing all slaves held by Missouri secessionists.

The Emancipation Proclamation continues to be a symbol of equality and social justice. In a letter dated September 11 that was published in Union newspapers, Lincoln ordered Fremont to change his order to conform to the First Confiscation Act, afraid that linking abolition with the war would cause the slave-holding border states to rebel.More recently some African-American historians advanced the additional theory of “self emancipation,” arguing that slaves, in essence, had freed themselves by fleeing from their bondage in such huge numbers (a mass of humanity known as “contrabands”) that Lincoln had no choice but to codify their flight by issuing his rather limp order.Such criticisms, however, ignore the tremendous impact the Proclamation had in its own time, a far more accurate yardstick than hindsight.Perhaps its most significant immediate effect was that it, for the first time, it officially placed the U. government against the "peculiar institution" of slavery, thereby placing a barrier between the South and its recognition by European nations that had outlawed slavery.The South had long counted on aid from England and France.Lincoln needed a decisive Union victory to lend credence to the proclamation and got one at the Battle of Antietam on September 17, which had ended Confederate general Robert E. On September 22, 1862, Lincoln signed the preliminary Emancipation Proclamation, which informed both the Confederacy and the Union of his intention to free all persons held as slaves in the rebellious states.As promised in the preliminary proclamation, 100 days later, on January 1, 1863, Lincoln issued the Emancipation Proclamation.If my hand trembles when I sign the proclamation, all who examine the document hereafter will say, ‘He hesitated.’” Hesitation was the last thing on his mind.“The South had fair warning that if they did not return…I would strike at this pillar of their strength,” Lincoln insisted. Was it a thunderbolt aimed at correcting generations of inhumanity?But this was to be no ordinary New Year’s Day in the nation’s capital. On the large table near the center of the room rested a vellum document written out by a professional “engrosser”—and corrected a final time only hours before, after Lincoln himself noticed an error.Solemnly, Lincoln sat down at his accustomed spot at the head of the table.

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