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Nevertheless, Eriksson’s theory does not apply to some cultures, as they do not acknowledge some of the stages.
In the identity stage, pubescence is characterized by rapid body changes, which enhance sexual awareness.
Nevertheless, Erikson’s theory, as a personality theory, fails to account for personality developments in both genders.
Since life contains lessons, Erikson’s theory has contributed to the elaboration of development.
According to this theory, each person experiences eight psychological crises; Erikson’s development framework includes eight stages that cover an individual’s lifespan, which assist an individual to faces and confronts the new challenges (Erik Erikson’s development theory of identity development, n.d, p.45).
Erikson assumes that development stages are the same for both females and males.
His theory elaborates that one must accept his own sex, however sex does not determine how one functions.
This stage also attributes to a child’s training, for instance, toilet training whereby a child is able to control body waste products until he reaches the toilet.
However, if too much is demanded from the children, there is a possibility of children developing doubts in their capability to accomplish tasks. guilt, which ranges between three to six years; here, children learn to be logical, for instant, the fact that items fall down and not upwards.
In this stage, a child will develop special interests in specific things, such as music.
However, when parents are too strict, they may hinder the child’s attempt to venture into new challenges.