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Diabetes insipidus is a condition caused by not enough antidiuretic hormone (ADH) in the body. This is a hormone that helps the kidneys keep the correct amount of water in the body.The condition is also called “water diabetes.” ADH controls how much water is in urine that the kidneys make.
ADH is secreted by a small gland at the base of the brain called the hypothalamus.
It’s stored in the pituitary gland, and then released into the bloodstream when needed.
The disease has 4 types: A child is more likely to get diabetes insipidus if he or she has a head injury, brain surgery, a brain tumor, kidney disease, or uses certain medicines such as lithium.
Symptoms can occur a bit differently in each child.
This may occur due to kidney damage or medications such as lithium reducing the expression of water channels in the kidneys called aquaporins.
Nephrogenic diabetes insipidus may be caused by: Written by Dr.This also causes blood to lose water and become more concentrated and higher in salt.This results in dehydration and stimulation of the thirst centre in the hypothalamus of the brain which causes a person to drink more.The healthcare provider may ask you about your child’s daily fluid intake, diet, and bowel and bladder habits. Your child may also have tests, such as: Treatment depends on the cause.Treating the cause usually treats the diabetes insipidus. This may be taken as a pill, injection, or nasal spray.This occurs if there is a low level of vasopressin or antidiuretic hormone (ADH) in the body.The deficiency means the kidneys are not prevented from excreting large amounts of urine and instead large volumes of dilute urine are expelled, even when the body has become dehydrated.You may need to watch your child’s fluid intake and urine output.Your child's healthcare provider will check the amount of sodium in your child's blood often to make sure the medicine dose is correct.A single whole slide image can be a gigabyte or larger in size.Diabetes insipidus is caused by abnormality in the functioning or levels of antidiuretic hormone (ADH), also known of as vasopressin.