In 1911 the The PCHA became involved in a money and player war with the NHA.Although the NHA ultimately emerged as the stronger league, it was the PCHA that introduced many of the changes that improved the game.In Egypt, 4000-year-old carvings feature teams with sticks and a projectile, hurling dates to before 1272 BC in Ireland, and there is a depiction from approximately 600 BC in Ancient Greece, where the game may have been called kerētízein or (κερητίζειν) because it was played with a horn or horn-like stick (kéras, κέρας).
The curved, or "hooked" ends of the sticks used for hockey would indeed have resembled these staves.
Another supposition derives from the known use of cork bungs, (stoppers) in place of wooden balls to play the game.
Under the previous rules, a goalie had had to remain stationary when making a save. Under the old rules, a player had been deemed offside if he was ahead of the puck carrier when he received a pass.
The PCHA divided the ice into three zones by painting two blue lines across the surface and allowed forward passing in the centre zone between the blue lines. Another innovation in the western league was the idea of the assist.
The first recorded use of the word hockey is in the 1773 book Juvenile Sports and Pastimes, to Which Are Prefixed, Memoirs of the Author: Including a New Mode of Infant Education by Richard Johnson (Pseud.
Master Michel Angelo), whose chapter XI was titled "New Improvements on the Game of Hockey".
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The name , referring to the designated area of play, was originally used in the game of curling in 18th-century Scotland.
Early hockey games allowed as many as 30 players a side on the ice, and the goals were two stones, each frozen into one end of the ice.