Up until this moment, Latin had spread and had been imposed across the Empire as the ‘madre franca’, or the shared language.Tags: Objectives In A Business PlanRatio And Proportion Solved ProblemsSolid Works CoursesEssay On My Leadership SkillsOverseas Assignment JobsCausal Analysis Essay ThesisSolving Density ProblemsLanguage Is An Expression Of One'S Identity EssayInternational Marketing Paper ResearchFrom An Essay On Man Epistle Ii
The Italian language stems directly from Latin, just like other Romance languages like Spanish, Catalan, Portuguese, French, Romanian and other minority languages (Occitan, Provençal, Galician, Ladin and Friulan).
The Italian language has developed through a long and gradual process, which began after the Fall of the Roman Empire in the 5th century.
However, for several centuries, and especially during the Middle Ages, Latin was the dominant cultural language, used throughout European Universities and in all the official acts and procedures of the Church.
The first documents written in vernacular (which was the language usually spoken by the general population) date back to 960.
Illiteracy and semi-illiteracy were largely present in various groups of the population.
The Italian Constitution, which was established in 1948, gave everyone the right to a basic education.These are the so-called Placiti Capuani, which prove that some territories located near the city of Capua, in Campania, belonged to a monastery of Benedictine monks.From the start of the 13th century large amounts of literature, and especially poems, began to be published in regional Italian.Even though at the end of the 1900s many writers and cultural figures were being inspired by the Tuscan model, in every aspect of the language, there are several relevant historical and social factors that need to be considered.Firstly, for centuries up until the Unification of Italy in 1861, the country was divided into a number of different states, which were usually under foreign rule.Even though the use of standard Italian prevails in the younger generations, many young people can express themselves in their own dialect, or at least understand it, in informal social situations.It is also worth remembering that dialects, as well as accents, can change a lot even within the same region.As a result, dialects were used as the everyday language for centuries, and anyone who was able to express themselves and communicate in Italian did so using grammatical, lexical and phonetical aspects influenced by regional and local dialects.The use of dialects in Italy represents a unique situation compared to the rest of Europe.This meant that many children didn’t even finish primary school, even though the law demanded they stay in school until they were 18 or 20, before taking part in compulsory military service.Perhaps rather strangely, the event which had the biggest impact in kickstarting the unification of the language was the introduction of television.