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In 2017, 46 girls and 311 boys were murdered, according to the Institute of Legal Medicine, and at least 20 girls and 14 boys were disappeared, according to the Attorney General’s Office.
In August 2017, the Legislative Assembly prohibited marriage below the age of 18 in all circumstances, ending an exception for pregnant girls.
Since 1998, abortion is illegal under all circumstances.
According to widely reported figures, approximately 60,000 gang members are present in at least 247 of the country’s 262 municipalities.
They enforce their territories’ borders and extort and gather intelligence on residents and those transiting these areas, particularly around public transport, schools, and markets.
Approximately 30 percent are in pretrial or remand detention.
Cases of tuberculosis among inmates increased from 96 in March 2016 to 1,272 in January 2018.
In March 2017, former military commanders were brought to trial for their alleged responsibility for the 1981 El Mozote massacre, in which 978 civilians died, including 553 children, and soldiers committed mass rapes. Four other cases remained open but had not reached trial, including one related to the assassination of Archbishop Oscar Romero as he celebrated mass in a hospital chapel in March 1980, a day after his radio homily begging soldiers to stop their repression and killings. Alvaro Saravia for his alleged role in planning the crime.
In September, a court sentenced former President Antonio Saca and various members of his administration to 5-10 years in prison for embezzling more than US1 million of public funds to enrich themselves and bribe officials and journalists during his presidency (2004-2009).
LGBT individuals also face discrimination and violence.
These conditions have resulted in internal and cross-border displacement.