The erythrocytes that are in the blood contain hemoglobin. This sentence implies that there are erythrocytes elsewhere that don't contain hemoglobin.)"I would never use a long word where a short one would answer the purpose.
I know there are professors in this country who 'ligate' arteries.
Several of those publications however, and in particular the German journals, tended to be short lived (under 5 years). Other important events in the history of academic journals include the establishment of Nature (1869) and Science (1880), the establishment of Postmodern Culture in 1990 as the first online-only journal, the foundation of ar Xiv in 1991 for the dissemination of preprints to be discussed prior to publication in a journal, and the establishment of PLOS One in 2006 as the first megajournal.
There are two kinds of article or paper submissions in academia: solicited, where an individual has been invited to submit work either through direct contact or through a general submissions call, and unsolicited, where an individual submits a work for potential publication without directly being asked to do so.
Scientific research articles provide a method for scientists to communicate with other scientists about the results of their research.
A standard format is used for these articles, in which the author presents the research in an orderly, logical manner.The editors either choose to reject the article, ask for a revision and resubmission, or accept the article for publication.Even accepted articles are often subjected to further (sometimes considerable) editing by journal editorial staff before they appear in print.They are typically relied upon by students beginning a study in a given field, or for current awareness of those already in the field.Reviews of scholarly books are checks upon the research books published by scholars; unlike articles, book reviews tend to be solicited.The idea of a published journal with the purpose of "[letting] people know what is happening in the Republic of Letters" was first conceived by Eudes de Mazerai in 1663.A publication titled Journal littéraire général was supposed to be published to fulfill that goal, but never was.Upon receipt of a submitted article, editors at the journal determine whether to reject the submission outright or begin the process of peer review.In the latter case, the submission becomes subject to review by outside scholars of the editor's choosing who typically remain anonymous.The purpose of an academic journal, according to Henry Oldenburg (the first editor of Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society), is to give researchers a venue to "impart their knowledge to one another, and contribute what they can to the Grand design of improving natural knowledge, and perfecting all Philosophical Arts, and Sciences." The term academic journal applies to scholarly publications in all fields; this article discusses the aspects common to all academic field journals.Scientific journals and journals of the quantitative social sciences vary in form and function from journals of the humanities and qualitative social sciences; their specific aspects are separately discussed.