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For instance, even if the issue of “rabies in Brazilian squirrels” is important, what is the problem—the “missing piece of the puzzle”—that your study helps resolve?
Here is a brief delineation of the two: Of the two types, informative abstracts are much more common, and they are widely used for submission to journals and conferences.
Informative abstracts apply to lengthier and more technical research, while descriptive abstracts are more suitable for shorter papers and articles.
Now you need to discuss you solved or made progress on this problem—how you conducted your research. Avoid using too many vague qualitative terms (e.g, “very,” “small,” “tremendous”) and try to use at least some quantitative terms (i.e., percentages, figures, numbers).
If your study includes your own work or that of your team, describe that here. Save your qualitative language for the conclusion statement.
Include 5-10 important words or short phrases central to your research in both the abstract and keywords sections.
For example, if you’re writing a paper on the prevalence of obesity among lower classes that crosses international boundaries, include terms like “obesity,” “prevalence,” “international,” “lower classes,” and “cross-cultural.” These are terms that should net a wide array of people interested in your topic of study.
When it comes to journals specifically, EVERY publisher has a strict way of doing things.
Here are some common questions that are usually addressed in their guidelines: Follow the stated rules the first time you submit and to avoid your work being thrown in the “circular file” right off the bat.
The best method of determining which abstract type you need to use is to follow the instructions for journal submissions and to read as many other published articles in those journals as possible.
As you will read time and again in any article about research writing, you should always closely follow the specific guidelines and requirements indicated—be it for publication in a journal, for consideration at a conference, or even for a class assignment.