Literature Review On Child Abuse

Literature Review On Child Abuse-36
Over a hundred thousand cases each year are reported to Child Welfare agencies in Canada.

Over a hundred thousand cases each year are reported to Child Welfare agencies in Canada.Child maltreatment affects children in a number of ways, such as higher rates of psychiatric and psychological disorders.Too many people assume that these children grow up and just "get over" the abuse. Research has shown us that child maltreatment can be very psychologically damaging. In a number of studies, it has been shown that physical abuse has a damaging effect on children (Augoustinos, 1987; Briere & Runtz, 1988, 1990; Claussen & Crittenden, 1991; Kaplan, Pelcovitz & Labruna, 1999).

It has been shown that at least 30% of people who have been physically abused have lifetime disruptive disorder diagnosis, such as oppositional defiant disorder or conduct disorder (Kaplan , 1999; Briere & Runtz, 1990).

Research has also indicated that physically abused children tend to be less popular and liked and had fewer friendships.

On the WISCR-R, physically abused children had a lower mean score than the mean of the non-abused group.

They also scored significantly lower on the Performance and Verbal Scales and the Verbal Language Development Scale, as well as showed deficits in mathematics and language tests, and in both receptive and expressive language (Augoustinos, 1987; Helm, Newport, Bonsall, Miller & Nemeroff, 2001; Kaplan ., 1999).

Previous studies indicate that sexually abused children display more inappropriate sexual behaviours than non-abused children.

There is evidence that this carries over into adulthood as well (Briere & Runtz, 1990; Mian l., 1996).Similar to those that were physically abused, sexually abused children tend to have impaired social functioning.sexually abused children as adults tend to have fewer social resources, have fewer social interactions, and have problems with social adjustment (Abdulrehman & De Luca, 2001).When looking at violence against children and youth reported to police in 1999, children and youth under the age of 18 years made up 23 % of the Canadian population and were the victims in 24% of assaults reported to a sample of police departments.They represented 60% of all sexual assault victims and 20% of physical assault victims. Does anyone sit back and really think about what we are doing to these children?Research has shown that anxiety levels in victims of childhood sexual abuse were significantly higher than the non-abused group.This was indicated on many measures (Mc Leer ., 1998; Briere & Runtz, 1988; Mian, Marton & Le Baron, 1996).These studies have indicated that sexually abused children are more likely to report symptoms of depression on various tests, such as the Children's Depression Inventory, the Hopkins Symptom Checklist, and the Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale (Mc Leer ., 2001).Another effect noted in victims of childhood sexual abuse is anxiety.Suicidal ideation has also been linked to sexual abuse.In one study, it was shown that close to half of the sexually abused children reported depression and suicidal ideation.


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