In addition, the study contributed a newly developed instrument to measure the concept of career satisfaction in nursing.
Mentoring is important in the career development of both novice and experienced nurses in the areas of clinical practice, nursing education, administration, and research, as it supports the novice’s need to feel satisfaction and success as a professional nurse and offers the experienced nurse an opportunity to contribute to the profession.
The majority of nurses reported participating in a mentoring relationship.
Although the findings related to mentoring, career satisfaction, and intent to stay were not statistically significant, there was a prevalence of mentoring in nursing, thus suggesting the need for future research to identify outcomes of mentoring.
A total of 34 articles describing 30 mentorship programs were identified.
Mentoring models included dyad, peer, group, online, distance, learning partnerships, highly relevant, and constellation mentorship models.
According to the AACN [1, 2], there are several factors influencing the nursing shortage, including insufficient numbers of nursing faculty, an aging nursing workforce, increasing healthcare needs of an elderly patient population, and nursing job burnout and dissatisfaction that are driving nurses away from the profession.
Recent economic challenges have temporarily affected the nursing shortage and the need for nurses in some regions of the United States; however, with the combination of older nurses retiring from practice, academia, and administration, and dissatisfied nurses leaving nursing, the profession of nursing must identify strategies to increase recruitment and retention to address the nursing shortage, especially in practice and academia. Although the shortage in any one of the areas may be viewed in isolation, there is an interdependent aspect to the shortage.
National data indicate that the average age of nurses nationwide continues to increase.
In 2008, the average age of nurses nationwide was 48 (HRSA) , and it was projected that in 2012, nurses in their 50 s will account for the largest age group of nursing workforce at about 25% of the total RN population .