Both the rural and urban poor have suffered from the long decline in the quality of social services provided to Egyptians.
A lack of adequate resources for schools and hospitals has meant that these services have declined in quality over the years.
The problem has been compounded by the government's reduction of subsidies on basic foodstuffs and certain budget controls on public services since 1991.
The government's awareness of the political implications of the complete lifting of subsidies has slowed down the implementation of IMF-mandated price deregulation.
Historically, the north of Egypt has been more prosperous and received more government attention than the predominantly rural south, which stretches from Beni Suef, 120 kilometers (75 miles) south of Cairo to the border with Sudan.
The central government, which retains great power over the country, has always been based in the north, and has therefore based major economic activity in that area.Living standards in Egypt are low by international standards, and have declined consistently since 1990.According to United Nations figures, some 20 to 30 percent of the population live below the poverty line.In 1991, to soften the impact of these measures on the poor and those affected by privatization, the government established the Social Fund for Development, a US3 million project funded by the European Union, the World Bank, and the United Nations Development Program (UNDP).The fund is a job creation project aimed at training and finding jobs for workers displaced as a result of privatization. I need answers asap there is no time to waste they need our help now.Migration has only served to aggravate the state of underdevelopment prevailing in the south.The economic reforms launched by the Egyptian government in the early 1990s have been double-edged, severely affecting the lower classes and threatening to further erode popular support for the government.Yet not far from these affluent neighborhoods, a significant number of poor Egyptians live in squalor, with poor and overcrowded housing, limited food supply, and inadequate access to clean water, good quality health care, or education.The extremes are reflected in the country's distribution of income: in 1996, the wealthiest 20 percent of Egyptians controlled 39 percent of the country's wealth, while the poorest 20 percent controlled only 9.8 percent of wealth.There are numerous factors that cause increased poverty levels and unemployment.The Egyptian government provides policies that help in combating poverty and unemployment issues among the citizens.