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Animal testing affects everyone in the modern world today. The testing is performed so that there is a better understanding of what reactions drugs may have, so that we can figure out which drugs help which diseases, as well as observe how certain drugs affect conditions such as pregnancy and other side effects they may cause like cancer.
Aristotle (384-322 BC) and Erasistratus (304-250 BC) were among the first group of people to perform experiments on living animals.
A physician in 2nd-century Rome, dissected pigs and goats and is known as the “father of vivisection”, when his real name is Galen.
NIH uses the Intramural Research Program to conducts scientific research through. Based on the NIH’s 2010 budget, this accounts for more the $16 billion in US taxpayer money alone (PETA, 2013).
80% of the NIH funding, is used as research grants to outside researchers. Substitutes for Animal Testing There are nearly 50 different alternative methods and testing strategies that have been developed, validated and/or accepted by international regulatory authorities.
Its main purpose in why it is used, is to assess the safety and effectiveness of everything from medication to cosmetics.
We also use it to help find a better understanding of how the human body works.Avenzoar, whom is also a physician but of Arabic, also practiced dissection in 12th-century Moorish Spain, and introduced animal testing as an acceptable experimental method of testing surgical procedures before applying them to human patients. Animal testing, a phrase that most people unsure of exactly what is involved but have heard it before.There are many names, animal testing, animal experimentation or animal research, it all refers to the experimentation carried out on animals.The number has been very consistent over the last decade (Newcomer, 2013). Many companies today get their funding for research from the NIH. whom are primarily receiving grants to experiment on animals.Other companies also receiving money from the NIH are numerous colleges around the U. The NIH is a biomedical research facility located in Bethesda, Maryland. 7 billion on biotechnology research which almost all include the torture of other species on Earth (Health, 2013). Each year in the United States, there are approximately 100 million animals that are tormented and killed in experiments conducted to better humans.5 billion in a year in any research involving experimentation on animals.These experiments will often lead to death or unwarranted consequences for the animals involved.Rats, Mice, Rabbits, and a whole slew of other animals are forced to endure massive quantities of testing substances or endure pain by having harmful chemicals applied to their bodies, even though the testing may have nothing to do with anything relatable for human use.My purpose for this subject is to let people think twice about buying a product, or hopefully helping put this inhuman testing to an end. The history of animal testing goes back to the writings of the Greeks in the 4th and 3rd centuries BC.Supporters believe it is a necessary practice and obliteration to animals for our bettering and the deaths of the animals are well worth the cause.Then there are those opposed to animal testing because they believe it involves the torture and suffering of innocent animals (Ian Murnaghan BSc (hons), 2011) Who does animal testing affect?