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link in the face of mounting animal evidence would, however, be ..... Within qualitative research there are different Learning objectives Each week Nursing Times publishes a guided learning article with reflection points to help you with your CPD. introducing the notion of a polylogic approach to method. books often deal with the influence of place in a cursory fashion. The notion of qualitative (non-numerical) and quantitative (numerical) data was also introduced.
This article focuses on one framework designed for critiquing research.
The Critical Appraisal Skills Programme (CASP) framework has been chosen as it has separate frameworks for qualitative and quantitative research.
These are the most common approaches used in qualitative research.
Critiquing frameworks There are several frameworks for critiquing research, some of which have been constructed to critique or evaluate both qualitative and quantitative studies.
Is there a clear statement of the aims of the research?
Qualitative research needs to answer questions set by the researcher (there is no hypothesis).This discussed a patient being asked about their experiences of receiving different treatment for hypertension.A researcher undertaking a study on this topic may: follow a particular ethnic group over a prolonged period of time – in the past this would have involved living among that population (this is known as ethnography); explore what patients understand about the different treatments and build a theory as the research progresses (grounded theory); or explore the lived experience of hypertension (phenomenology).Others, however, have been constructed to critique only one of these.Box 1 shows some of the commonly utilised frameworks within the nursing literature.Some research questions are best addressed by qualitative enquiry and others by quantitative enquiry.Returning to the example of hypertension, a researcher who chooses to ask patients about their experiences of receiving different treatments for hypertension is clearly seeking to use a qualitative paradigm, as the patients’ thoughts and feelings are being considered, so qualitative (non-numerical) data will be collected. This type of research aims to report a situation as it actually is in a natural rather than a laboratory setting. CLINICAL KNOWLEDGE Understanding and critiquing qualitative research papers The first article in this series on understanding research (Lee, 2006a) examined the basic terminology used by researchers and identified that qualitative research produced non-numerical (qualitative) data. There are several frameworks for critiquing research,. easily understood by returning to the example used in ...