You should also highlight any assumptions that you make about conditions during the research.You should set out your basic principles before embarking upon the experiment: any research will be built around some assumptions.Organize the information so as to present the more general aspects of the topic early in the introduction, then narrow your analysis to more specific topical information that provides context, finally arriving at your research problem and the rationale for studying it [often written as a series of key questions to be addressed or framed as a hypothesis or set of assumptions to be tested] and, whenever possible, a description of the potential outcomes your study can reveal. Centre for Applied Linguistics, University of Warwick; Samraj, B.
All introductions should conclude with a brief paragraph that describes the organization of the rest of the paper.
Think of the structure of the introduction as an inverted triangle of information that lays a foundation for understanding the research problem.
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According to Reyes, there are three overarching goals of a good introduction: 1) ensure that you summarize prior studies about the topic in a manner that lays a foundation for understanding the research problem; 2) explain how your study specifically addresses gaps in the literature, insufficient consideration of the topic, or other deficiency in the literature; and, 3) note the broader theoretical, empirical, and/or policy contributions and implications of your research.
A well-written introduction is important because, quite simply, you never get a second chance to make a good first impression.
In the introduction, you are attempting to inform the reader about the rationale behind the work, and to justify why your work is essential in the field.
The introduction does not have a strict word limit, unlike the abstract, but it should be as concise as possible.
For example, if you were performing educational research, you may assume that all students at the same school are from a very similar socio-economic background, with randomization smoothing out any variables.
By alerting the reader to the fact that these assumptions have been made, you are giving them the opportunity to interpret and assess the results themselves.